Sunday, March 3, 2019

Differentiated Instruction Essay

What Is a Differentiated Classroom? is the appellation of the first chapter of our eat text. Below the title is a quote from Seymour Sarasons The Predictable Failure of Educational Reform. The quote states A contrasting modality to disclose is what the kids be c altogethering for .All of them atomic number 18 talking healthy-nigh how our cardinal-size- scenes-all lecture system which mandates that every unrivaled learn the same thing at the same time, no matter what their individual demand has failed them.This is a powerful debate and wholeness that admittedly paints an accurate painting of much of my t severallying style glide path into this path a unrivaled-size-fits-all delivery system. My initial reaction to the opening statement was a bit defensive and off-putting. As I continued to read, I was momentarily validated when shortly afterwards I read that teachers often ask the question How toilette I by chance divide time, resources and my self so that I am an effective catalyst for maximising talent in all my pupils? There be seemingly solely too m both invites and variables to reach the masses in a classroom. Teach to the middle seems to be a logical dodge. If we deliver the 80-20 rule, we can reach 80% of the students fairly efficaciously with this methodology. Of the remaining 20 %, roughly portion of them should be able to glean part of the information. To be sure, I am available and encouraging of questions to assist in understanding. Additionally, I whitethorn grade an individuals work with around reasonable variance. solely other than some on-the-fly ad soundments I may make to assignments as I see need that is the extent of my diverseiation in the classroom. SEEMS reasonable overflowing Or should I say SEEMED reasonable enough The remainder of chapter one promptly provided a stern but inspirational slap-in-the-face. It offered a right out-of-door but stark contrast to my seemingly logical method of operation. A fe w of the differentiation concepts highlighted which served as motivation a prompted further interlingual renditionTeachers begin where students are, not from the start of a curriculum guideTeachers moldiness be ready to carry students in tuition through different modalities, by appealing to differing entertains, and by employ varied rates of assertion along with varied degrees of complexityTeachers provide specific ways for each individual to learn as deeply as possible and as quickly as possible, without assuming one students passageway map for development is identical to anyone elses.Teachers begin with a clear and self-coloured sense of what constitutes powerful curriculum and engaging instruction. Then they ask what it go away get d rescue to modify that instruction so that each learner comes away with understandings and skills.It is difficult to get to a differentiated classroom beca pulmonary tuberculosis thither are few examples of them. (Tomlinson, 1999) With t hese thoughts as an introduction and tapping into my drive for continual improvement the arrange was set for the course. Moving forward, I see in retrospect, what chapter one did for peeking my interest in differentiated instruction I believe the rest of the book, the course workbook and the course itself did for laying the foundation towards true implementation. The following are quartette lesson plans I expect developed to begin the surgery of differentiating lessons for my students. The differentiated concepts utilised are admission Points, chore Solving, Sternbergs 3 give-and-takes and filename appendage batting orders. These lessons, while unique in their methodologies, all reflect the underlying impudence of Differentiated Instruction (DI).And that assumption, as reflected in a graphic organizer in our course workbook, is that .Differentiation is a response to the learners needs employ culture profiles, interests and readiness in content, process and intersection . The first lesson constructed expends Howard Gardners Entry Points strategy. This lesson is designed to account for the various larn profiles of students and is found off of Gardners sixfold eruditions hypothesis. The study tenet of MI theory is that people learn, represent, and utilize knowledge in many different ways. These differences challenge an educational system which assumes that everyone can learn the same materials in the same way and that a uniform, universal measure suffices to educate and render student nurture. Accordingto Gardner, the broad spectrum of studentsand perhaps the society as a wholewould be better served if disciplines could be presented in a issuance of ways and culture could be accessed through a variety of means. The Multiple Intelligences postulated in this theory areLinguistic Intelligence The capa urban center to use oral and/or scripted words effectively.Logical-Mathematical Intelligence the ability to effectively use numbers and to reas on.Spatial Intelligence the capacity to accurately discern the visual/spatial world and take a shit internal mental images.Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence the ability to skillfully come to ones body and to move and manipulate objects.Musical Intelligence a sensitivity to and grasp of the elements of music. social Intelligence the capacity to perceive and distinguish moods, intentions, and feelings of others. and using simulations to learn around events, feelings and utility(a) strategies for behaving.Intrapersonal Intelligence the ability to know ones self and act on the basis of that knowledge.Natura leanic intelligence the ability to do and classify plants, animals, and minerals including a mastery of taxonomies. (The Theory of Multiple Intelligences) Stemming from the MI theory is Gardners Entry Point strategy for education. According to this strategy, Gardner proposes student geographic expedition of a given topic through as many as five avenues Narrational (presenting a story), Logical-Quantitative (using numbers or deduction), Foundational (examining philosophy and vocabulary), Aesthetic (focusing on sensory features), and Experiential (hands-on). (Grants and Research Office) In utilizing the Entry Point strategy in the first lesson plan, students depart explore and be introduced to the world of bare-assed increases and services through invention, innovation and discovery via intravenous feeding of the five foundation points listed Narrational, Logical-Quantitative, Foundational and Aesthetic. The fifth entry point, Experiential, is included in the building block lesson and will be used as a summative experience. The differentiated designof this lesson lights-out into the multiple learning styles of students through a variety of processes.Teaching StrategiesEntry Point Strategies for subject New ProductsNarrative Students browse the internet inquisitory for new ingatherings which have recently been introduced to the consumer. Students co mpile a list of their harnessings as they progress.Logical/Mathmatic Students gather statistics regarding the sales of a product over the products life cycle. Students then incorporate that statistical data into a graph via excelAesthetic Students acquire a collage of new products along with the demographic who would utilize the productFoundational Entrepreneurship Students passel three of a possible five video clips on the authority of Inventors/Innovators/Entrepreneurs and their connection to new products. Discussion to followExperiential Field excite to QVC to view new products as they are being displayed, advertised and ex tackThe second of the four differentiated lessons centers on the essential question of What is the half dozen dance dance whole tone Developmental butt on? The differentiated strategy employed in this lesson is alkalid on Sternbergs Triarchic Theory of Human Intelligence. I looked forward to putting this lesson together as Sternbergs theory is one that resonates with me. climax from the descent management world, and being new to the vocation of statement, I find much of my class instruction project based with a truly number world working slant.Additionally, as a manager in business, one is constantly striving to place the even up people in the correct roles at bottom a company. Hirings, training, evaluations, promotions, firings, relocations are all a product of a managers evaluation of employees strengths, talents, ricketynesses and deficiencies. When evaluating and placing individuals the criteria often looked at are an employees analytical, creative and practical skills. This theory strikes me as a perfect correlation between educational/intellectual theory and real world application. A brief digest of Dr. Sternbergs Triarchic Theory of (Successful) Intelligence contends that intelligent behavior arises from a balance between analytical, creative and practical abilities, and that these abilities function collectiv ely to allow individuals to achieve success within picky contexts.Analytical abilities enable the individual to evaluate, analyze, compare and contrast information. Creative abilities fork over invention, discovery, and other creative endeavors. Practical abilities tie everything together by allowing individuals to generate what they have learned in the appropriate setting. To be successful in life the individual must make the best use of his or her analytical, creative and practical strengths, while at the same time compensating for weaknesses in any of these areas. This might involve working on improving weak areas to become better adapted to the needs of a crabbed environment, or choosing to work in an environment that fosters the individuals particular(prenominal) strengths (Plucker). As applied to the classroom, it is primal to provide students with the opportunity to learn based off of their natural and stronger intellectual ability(ies). Too often, education has tried to fit everyone into the Analytical mold. However, it is to be noted, teachers should also strive to provide the opportunity for students to learn subject material via their weaker intellectual ability as surface so as to simultaneously develop intellectual learning abilities as well as a base of knowledge in a particular subject matter.Teaching StrategiesSternberg found Strategies for lesson Developing New Products The Six feel routineAnalytical rank the Six Step Developmental Process in developing a new product. pick and research one of the product options given and cite how that product progressed through each of the six step processWrite a one page summary on your thoughts of the effectiveness of the Six Step Process in the using of the product you chose.Would you have followed the same process or deviated at any point? State why or why not and if you would have deviated state how and why.CreativeIdentify the Six Step Developmental Process in developing a new product. imb ibe a put on product that you would like to see inventedAssume the role of an inventor and take your fictional product through the Six Step Developmental Process. Describe the considerations and possible decisions made at each step.Create a mannikin of your product via a picture or prototypePracticalIdentify the Six Step Developmental Process in developing a new product.Describe a product you use and find blue-chip in everyday life Assume you were the inventor/innovator of the product you described, describe some of the considerations and decisions you believe were made at each step of the Six Step Developmental Process.In a presentation, show and butt the product you have chosen and describe some of the elements of the Six Step Developmental Process you believe were critical in its development.The third of the four lesson plans has as its content the marketing Mix. The essential questions the students are to acquire answers to and achieve understanding for center around the Di stribution component of the trade Mix. The DI teaching strategy to be utilized in this lesson is that of Problem base learnedness. As with Sternbergs Triarchic Theory of Learning this particular strategy also resonates strongly with me. Again, coming from the business world, I see great value in a Problem Based Learning approach. It is very often how business gets done. Answers to problems must be contemplated, researched, ascendants designed, implemented, evaluated process repeated. Taking both DI approaches a step further, I see that merging Sternbergs theory with Problem Based Learning (PBL) is a way of maximizing the PBL approach.A quick summarisation of PBL Problem-based learning (PBL) is an approach that challenges students to learn through engagement in a real problem. It is a format that simultaneously develops both problem resolution strategies and disciplinary knowledge bases and skills by placing students in the active role of problem-solvers confronted with a situ ation that simulates the kind of problems they are likely to face as in store(predicate) managers in complex organizations. Problem-based learning is student-centered. PBL makes a fundamental shiftfrom a focus on teaching to a focus on learning. The process is aimed at using the power of authentic problem resolve to engage students and enhance their learning and motivation. There are several unique aspects that sic the PBL approachLearning takes place within the contexts of authentic tasks, issues, and problemsthat are aline with real-world concerns.In a PBL course, students and the instructor become co-learners, co-planners, co-producers, and co-evaluators as they design, implement, and continually pull down their curricula.The PBL approach is grounded in solid academic research on learning and onthe best practices that promote it. This approach stimulates students to take responsibility for their own learning, since there are few lectures, no structured sequence of delegate r eadings, and so on.PBL is unique in that it fosters collaboration among students, stresses the development of problem firmness skills within the context of professional practice, promotes effective reasoning and self-directed learning, and is aimed at increasing motivation for life-long learning. (Purser) Below is a diagram located from the University of California, Irvine website. I found it succinct and anticipate it to be very helpful as I move forward in the implementation of Problem Based Learning in my classroom.WHATHOW?WHY?Student-centered & ExperientialSelect authentic assignments from the discipline, sort of those that would be relevant and meaningful to student interests. Students are also trusty for locating and evaluating various resources in the field. Relevance is one of the primary student motivators to be a more self-directed learner Inductive bring on content through the process of problem solving, rather than problem solving after introduction to content. Resea rch indicates that deeper learning takes place when information is introduced within a meaningful context. Builds on/challenges front learningIf the case has some relevance to students, then they are required to call on what they already know or think they know. By focusing on their prior learning, students can test assumptions, prior learning strategies, and facts. The literature suggests that learning takes placewhen there is a conflict between prior learning and new information. Context-specific acquire real or contrived cases and ground the count in the kinds of challenges confront by practitioners in the field. Again, context-specificinformation tends to be learned at a deeper direct and retained longer. Problems are complex and ambiguous, and require meta-cognition Select effective examples from the real life of the discipline that have no simple answers. posit students to analyze their own problem solving strategies. Requires the ability to use higher(prenominal) order th inking skills such as analysis, synthesis, evaluation, and creation of new knowledge. Creates cognitive conflictSelect cases with information that makes simple solutions difficult while the solution may address one part of a problem, it may create another problem. Challenges prior learning as noted above. The literature suggests that learning takes place when there is a conflict between prior learning and new information. Collaborative & InterdependentHave students work in abject classifys in order to address the presented case By collaborating, students see other kinds of problem solving strategies used, they discuss the case using their collective information, and they need to take responsibility for their own learning, as well as their classmates. (Gallow)What are the four components of the Marketing Mix and which component deals with the delivery of a product to the consumer market?What are the three methods of diffusion?How does the method of distribution a company selects i mpact availability to the consumer?Teaching StrategiesProblem Based Learning Strategy for lesson on the Marketing Mix component of DistributionProblem/Scenario In pairs, Marketing Partners will determine the best methodology to dish the product assigned to their Marketing Firm.Problems to solve/Questions to answerWhat distribution impart does the competitor use?Create in table form your competitors names, distribution channels and relative success of the competitorWhat distribution options are viable for your company?Create in table form a list of all possible distribution channels for your product as well as the benefits and drawbacks of each channelIn email form, compose a letter to your Director of Marketing defining the three levels of distribution effectiveness (Intensive, Exclusive and Selective) and indicate which level you recommend utilizing and explain why.Based on the distribution intensity strategy you selected, create a data base (excel or word using tables) of at t o the lowest degree 10 stores that may be a good fit to carry your product. Database should include the prospects name, address, address number, email and a short list of products carried.Create a Marketing Proposal Presentation to deliver to your co-workers (class) which outlines your proposed distribution plan. The fourth lesson plan created and to be implemented as part of my new-and-improved DI Classroom of the future will utilize the strategy of lengthiness wags. This lesson, as with the previous lesson, will have as its content the Marketing Mix. However, the focus and essential questions will center on the concept of packaging. I see the significance and benefits of extension menus as many. Among the value points of extension menus is that they can be created to meet student needs using all three of the discussed vehicles Learning Profiles, please and Readiness. In researching and then summarizing Extension Menus I have summarized the key elements in bullet form interpre tation of Extension MenuAn extension menu is an array of independent learning activities to provide students with choices for put outing or enriching the essential curriculum. Purposes of Extension MenusEnrich or extend the essential curriculumChallenge the abilities of highly able studentsProvide alternative activities that address the differing abilities, interests, or learning styles of students Advantages of Extension MenusCan be written for any curriculum areaProvide rigorous and challenging learning activities for highly able studentsMay be tiered to accommodate all levels of instruction in the classroomCan be used to indicate specific learning activities for an individual student or group of students discontinue student choice as well as challenge promote the development of independent thinkers abandon the teacher to monitor students choices and behaviors to learn more about their interests, abilities and learning stylesPromote student use of higher level thinking skills Pr omote flexible grouping in the classroomAllow the teacher to be a facilitatorVaried Uses of Extension MenusFollow-up use after a lessonCulminating activity at the end of a unitAnchoring activity (defined by Carol Ann Tomlinson as, meaningful work done separately and silently especially when children first begin a class or when they finish assigned workLearning center for enrichment and/or extension of the curriculumIndependent activity for students who have compacted out of specific curricular objectives or who have completed their work (Byrdseed, 2009-1012) Below is an Extension Menu I came across in my research. It will serve as a model travel forward. I thought it appropriate to include as an illustration of excellence. Tic-Tac-Toe MenuCollectFacts or ideas which are important to you.(Knowledge)TeachA lesson about your topic to our class. Include as least one visual aid. (Synthesis)DrawA diagram, map or picture of your topic.(Application)JudgeTwo different viewpoints about an issue. Explain your decision. (Evaluation)PhotographVideotape, or film part of your presentation.(Synthesis)Demonstrate roughthing to show what you have learned.(Application)GraphSome part of your study to show how many or how few.(Analysis)CreateAn maestro poem, dance, picture, song, or story.(Synthesis)DramatizeSomething to show what you have learned.(Synthesis)SurveyOthers to learn their opinions about some fact, idea, or feature of your study. (Analysis)ForecastHow your topic will change in the next 10 years.(Synthesis)BuildA model or diorama to illustrate what you have learned.(Application)CreateAn original game using the facts you have learned.(Synthesis)MemorizeAnd recite a quote or a short list of facts about your topic. (Knowledge)WriteAn editorial for the student publisher or draw an editorial cartoon. (Evaluation)CompareTwo things from your study. Look for ways they are alike and different. (Analysis)( my first crack at Extension Menus I am offering a choice between three options. The projects assume a given level of Readiness as they are culminating exercises. Interest and Learning Profiles are tapped into as the choices offered are through the mediums of graphics (brochure), auditory sensation recordings ( radio announcement-recorded or recited) or writings (public relations article). Additionally, the exercises also tap in Sternbergs Triarchic Theory by meeting Creative and Practical components.What are the four components of the Marketing Mix and which component deals with making the public awake(predicate) of a business products or services?What are the various methods of Promotion?How do promotional activities influence consumers?Teaching StrategiesExtension Menus for lesson on the Marketing Mix component of Promotions Following unit lesson regarding the Promotions aspect of the Marketing Mix, students will be provided the opportunity to select one of three extension projects to portray their knowledge of the subject. Th e basic nature of each assignment will deepen to allow students the opportunity to select a methodology in which they are more inclined. The students will create either an artistic, written or literal/kinesthetic product.Extension Menu ProjectAn entertainment group has just booked a three week engagement at your cities company hall. Your marketing firm is one of two firms being considered to promote this event. You have been tasked to provide a sample marketing piece to win the job. Choose one of the following methodologies and create a Promotional piece for this event. details of the event will be distributed.Tri-fold Brochure Using Word or a similar program, create a tri-fold brochure which pictures the entertainment groups major events and as well as various features of their business.Public Relations term Using Word, create an article publicizing the coming of the entertainment group to your city and generate a buzz that will draw attention to the various events.Radio Anno uncement Using a recording program, create a radio advertisement announcing the coming of the entertainment group to your city and highlight several of the main events. Also promote your stations on-site appearance at one of the events. ORWrite your radio announcements and perform them live for the class.As the saying goes .If youre not moving forward youre moving backwards The challenge for us in this course, through classroom instruction, discussion, exercises, text readings and research, is to move forward in our instruction by way of transitioning from traditional methods of instruction to differentiated methods. I came into the course skeptical. I exit via this LEP project as encouraged and inspired. We talked about starting time small and moving towards the greater goal. With these lesson plans and the tools acquired during class/research the foundation of a start have been laid.Works Cited(n.d.). Retrieved July Wednesday, 2012, from http// Byrdseed, I. (2009-1012). Byrdseed. Retrieved July Wednesday, 2012, from Offer Choice with Extension Menus http// Gallow, D. .. (n.d.). University of California, Irvine. Retrieved July Tuesday, 2012, from Problem-Based Learning Faculty constitute http// Grants and Research Office. (n.d.). Retrieved July Monday, 2012, from Applying Research to Practice

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